Farming has always had its roots in the development and advancement of the general population in India. However, over the last century we have not attained the full potential of the scarce resource - land – can provide. Nevertheless, over some time India has been exploring new farming technologies that are yielding better crops – both in quality and quantity. Here, are the top 10 farming technologies that are transforming agriculture in India today.
Traditionally, it was thought that mushrooms can only grow in hilly areas in various parts of India that received a good amount of rain such as Himachal Pradesh, hilly regions of Tamil Nadu and North Eastern hilly regions, Jammu and Kashmir, and hilly regions of Uttar Pradesh. However, this myth has been broken by Mushroom Research & Development Organization and several other organizations researching on the delicious fungus. Today, with the help of technology and some simple electronics such as a desert cooler you can grow mushrooms in any part of India.
Pheromone-based Traps to Control Pest
Insecticides and other chemicals used to rid the harvest of pests also harm the people who consume these crops. However, new startups in India are coming up with innovative scientific methods that eliminate the pesticides at the same time help get rid of unwanted pests that harm the crop. Pheromone-based traps are one such innovation; with these artificially synthesized smelling agents, the pests are attracted towards the traps rather than the crop. The role of technology in agriculture in India is not the only method farmers are adopting. Some farmers are also reviving ancient ways to rid the crop from rodents such as mice. One farmer used a combination of owl and cat to eliminate the infestation of mice in his land.
Israel Farming Technology in India
Over the years, the most critical issue encountered by Indian farmers is the lack of water. In the new accord between India and Israel, the Jewish nation will be sharing valuable agricultural technology that had helped them turn a desert into a green paradise. Israel agriculture companies in India will help fuel innovations in agriculture technology with micro-irrigation systems (drip technology), water management, desalination, and recycling techniques. Israel is the world leader in reusing water; it uses 80 percent of its wastewater by treating it and reusing for agriculture purposes. Drip technology holds great potential for Indian farmers whose main plight is the lack of water for irrigation due to undependable monsoon.
The soil is one of the most important factors that determine the quality and quantity of the yield. Soil-testing laboratories are established in almost all the states in India that tests the soil for nutrients and makes necessary fertilizer recommendations. A soil-testing lab tests the soil and makes recommendations based on the crop to be grown and the type of fertilizer or nutrient to be administered in the soil. Farmers all over India are greatly benefiting from this; however, there are still large populations who are unaware of these innovations in Indian agriculture.
Nutriseed Pack Technology
Developed by the Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, TNAU, Coimbatore, this is a new method of crop production that limits or eliminates the wastage of nutrients. In this method, a nutriseed pack is created that contains the seed at the top, manure in the middle and enriched fertilizer at the bottom. This method helps the plant to fully utilize the nutrients and provide the desired result.
Information Technology in Agriculture in India
Information technology is yet to penetrate the Indian agriculture and it holds great potential; however, before that, the necessary infrastructure needs to be put in place. The governments, as well as the private players, have a great role to play. In some parts of India, IT has already penetrated into agriculture providing precision farming. Some other technologies that can help increase the agricultural yield are remote sensing through satellite, geographical information systems, agronomy, and soil sciences. Soil moisture and temperature can be measured and water can be provided accordingly. There is much that information technology can contribute to Indian agriculture.
Agriculture is the greatest contributor to the Indian GDP and the potential of this sector is yet to be fully realized. The scope for innovation in Indian farming is wide and much investment is needed before the true potential of Indian agriculture is achieved. Once realized, India will become self-sustained in terms of food and a global provider.